The more you master it the more you get closer to mastering the Zulu language. 20160818 850 PM Jaen The persons and pronouns in Zulu and subject concords from AFL 1503 at University of South Africa Zulu entries then show the noun classes, the stem in parantheses, and the optional phonetic spelling. There are basically twelve parts of speech in Sesotho. The noun or pronoun is said to govern the agreement of all words associated with it in a syntactical relationship (Zawawi 1979: 8). Xhosa and Zulu show some differences in their concords. The Zulu king and King Mswati III are actually very close, united by the need to protect their traditional cultures, but the Zulu and Swazi people have a more complicated relationship. Edit. concords in relation to subject pre xes and demonstratives. Conclusion When it comes to nouns appearing as subjects in Zulu sentences which contain verbs, there are 15 positive as well as 15 negative subject concords, all of them being compulsory to be used as part of the verbal constructions in these sentences. The purpose of this list is to give a rough idea of the Zulu language. ‘The book of Zulu’ or just ‘The Zulu book’. 22milfin_40730. The words in the table below all belong to the first noun class. Back to isiZulu page. [Top Tip: If you need help with your grammar, buy The Complete Grammar Workbook. 1256 0 obj <>stream 15 Terms. Nouns appear as "singular/plural" if both forms exist, otherwise only one form is given. By closing this message, you are consenting to our use of cookies. called concords that are affixed to the verb. Play this game to review undefined. adjective concord. Books b. Welcome to the 8th lesson about Zulu grammar.We will first learn about prepositions, negation, questions, adverbs, and pronouns including: personal, object and possessive pronouns.. We will start with prepositions.In general, they are used to link words to other words. Namhlanje ngifuna ukufundisha ngesiZulu kancane! In Zulu there are also two kind of past tense, namely the recent past and the remote past tense, also referred to as the ‘A-past tense’ because of the way this is formed. Zulu is a pro-drop language: explicit personal pronouns are only used for emphasis, while in general the concords on the verb give enough information. For Zulu … possessive pronoun. Their first element consists of a formative a which indicates the relative connection. on a system of noun classes and a system of concords. prefix. In the following I adopt the terminology introduced in Poulos (1982) and refer to this way of forming relative clauses in Zulu as \Strategy 1". ��agTqCd4v �H V. Conclusion. Moreover, subject and object concords must agree with the nouns that they refer to in class (Poulos and Bosch 1997). Registered in England & Wales No. Zulu (isiZulu) noun class reference chart. Incwadi yesiZulu. ‘The book of Zulu’ or just ‘The Zulu book’. But note that you have to use -ya- in the present tense when using an object concord: Ngi ya lithanda ilanga. Amabhuku ami. subject concord. Zulu Grammar. Grammar: Possessive and possessive concord The Possesive in Zulu can be translated as ‘the possesion of somebody or something’. "inkomo" or "ubaba"? umfaan is incorrect it should be umfana. Stems are denoted by a leading dash (-). See also: Appendix:Zulu concords Zulu nouns are composed of two main parts: a noun prefix and a stem. object concord. You use various constructions with -ka-. demonstrative pronoun. To learn about our use of cookies and how you can manage your cookie settings, please see our Cookie Policy.